Houseplant – Growing succulents at home isn’t like growing other plants. You can’t just throw them in the ground, water them, and come back in a few weeks. You have to keep them alive.
Succulents are tougher than they look. They are little, skinny plants with thick leaves. To most gardeners, they look like little sticks. But in fact, leaves are the heart of the plant. They are what gives it water, and what keeps it alive.
Most succulents live in hot, dry places. They absorb water from their roots, and give off moisture through their leaves. That moisture evaporates into the air, which cools the leaves and prevents them from getting too hot.
Succulents store most of the water they need in their leaves, instead of in their root systems. That means that if you water them too much, they will probably die. If you want to water them, you have to give them just enough moisture to keep their leaves from wilting.
Best Indoor Succulents To Grow At Home
Succulents are one of the hardiest plants to grow. They thrive in low light conditions, and thrive in dry soil, so they’re perfect houseplants.
Succulents need very little water. Most succulents like a soil that’s on the dry side, and succulents that like more water need to be watered less often.
Succulents are easy to care for. Succulents need very little water, so they don’t need to watered as often. Succulents don’t need fertilizer, either, so they don’t waste money on fertilizer they don’t need.
Succulents are easy to propagate. You can start cutting succulents from seed, and transplant them easily into small pots.
Succulents can survive in mild winters. Succulents are some of the hardiest plants to grow. Many succulents can withstand temperatures as low as 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-6 degrees Celsius).
Crown of Thorns (Euphorbia milii)
Euphorbia milii, or crown of thorns, is a plant native to Madagascar, but can be found from West Africa to northern Australia. It grows abundantly in rainforests, but also on rocky outcrops and dry open woodlands.
The plant looks vaguely like a cactus, and the name comes from its thorns. When crushed, the needles release a liquid that can burn the skin. But the plant is not toxic, and is instead used for medicinal purposes and as a food.
The leaves, flowers and seeds can all be eaten raw, and can be cooked or dried. The leaves can be boiled to make tea, which is traditionally used to treat coughs, colds, fevers and diarrhea. The flower buds can be eaten as a vegetable, and the flowers are used to make a tea that is used as a treatment for diarrhea and dysentery. The seeds are eaten, and can also be dried and used in cakes, cookies, and bread.
The roots, stems, leaves and flowers can also be cooked and eaten, and the leaves can be brewed into a tea that is used to treat stomach complaints. The plant contains calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium and protein, and is eaten as a vegetable. The leaves have a mild, sweet flavor, and can be eaten raw in salads, or steamed, boiled, or stewed. The plant is also used to make soup, and the leaves can be boiled to make a tea that is used as a treatment for diarrhea, dyspepsia and dysentery.
The plant can also act as a sunscreen, because the bracts secrete a waxy substance that absorbs most of the sun’s ultraviolet rays.
The plant is in flower from July to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are white, pink, purple, rose or red. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are white, pink, purple, rose or red. The fruits are green, yellow or orange, often with a purple blotch. The fruits are green, yellow or orange, often with a purple blotch.
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana is a succulent plant growing to 2.5 m (8 ft 3 in) tall by 2 m (6 ft 3 in) wide. The leaves are linear to lance-shaped, up to 2.5 cm long and are green, gray-green or gray-blue. The plant is cultivated as an ornamental in frost-free regions.
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The plant prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. The plant can tolerate temperatures from -4 °C (25 °F) to 40 °C (104 °F).
Aloe vera’s thorns are sharp and rounded, designed as protection against predators. The sharp tips are easy to see, but the rounded tips are not, and could prevent people from brushing against the plant and cutting themselves. The plant’s spiny branches make an attractive display, but are more trouble than they’re worth.
Aloe vera doesn’t grow from seed. It grows from a small stem, called a cutting. Cuttings need to be kept moist, and that means watering them. The leaves of aloe vera are succulent, which means they don’t need much water. If the plant is too dry, the leaves will turn brown. But if the soil is too wet, the roots will rot.
Aloe vera is a desert plant, and likes hot, dry conditions. So it’s happiest in a spot with good drainage, but not in full sun, where it gets too hot and dry. The plant needs a certain amount of light, but too much light will scorch the leaves. The plant needs a little air, but not so much that the leaves will dry out, so the plant should be on a windowsill.
Aloe vera needs very little fertilizer. Overfertilizing can kill the plant. A good all-purpose fertilizer is diluted liquid fertilizer, diluted to half strength, diluted to quarter strength, and diluted again to half strength.
The leaves of aloe vera are fleshy, and like water. So the plant’s leaves will look better if they are misted occasionally. Aloe vera won’t survive freezing temperatures, so the plant should be brought inside in the winter.
Ponytail palm (Beaucarnea recurvata)
Ponytail palm, or Beaucarnea recurvata, is a 3-4 foot tall plant that hails from tropical Africa. The stem is round, bulbous, and covered with small, brown, almost scale-like leaves. The trunk is thick and has swollen, folded edges, which look a bit like an elephant’s trunk.
The plant is semi-succulent, meaning that the outer part of the trunk is fleshy and juicy, while the inner part is fibrous and woody. The flower stem is cylindrical, about 3⁄4 inch in diameter, and is adorned with small, yellow-green flowers.
Ponytail palm grows best in bright light, but not in direct sun. It likes warm temperatures – 65-75 degrees is optimal. Water it only when the soil is dry. The soil should be well-drained. Fertilize the plant once a month during the growing season. Water your ponytail palm well, but keep the water off the leaves. Most of the plant’s water is stored in the swollen stem base.
Ponytail palms are relatively low-maintenance plants. They can be grown on a sunny deck or patio. They are drought-tolerant, but need plenty of water during hot, dry spells.
String of Pearls
String of Pearls (Santolina) is an exotic trailing houseplant that thrives indoors and is easy to maintain. The foliage of the string of pearls is a dark green and is shaped like a string of beads. The plant can grow to about 2 to 3 feet tall and 1 to 2 feet wide, with leaves 2 to 4 inches long.
The plant likes bright, indirect sunlight. When grown in hanging baskets, the plant tends to trail over the edge, so, for best effect, plant it next to a shelf or wall. String of Pearls likes cool, moist conditions and needs good drainage. If the soil is too wet, the plant will rot and the leaves will shrivel.
String of Pearls likes high light. In sunny locations, it needs protection from strong sunlight. The plant is grown from seed and needs a well-draining soil with loamy texture. Do not over-water the plant; instead, let the soil dry out slightly between watering. The plant is hardy and needs winter protection in cooler climates. The plant is susceptible to spider mites; treat regularly with a pest control spray.
String of Pearls is a trailing houseplant that thrives indoors and is easy to maintain. The foliage of the string of pearls is a dark green and is shaped like a string of beads. The plant can grow to about 2 to 3 feet tall and 1 to 2 feet wide, with leaves 2 to 4 inches long. The plant likes bright, indirect sunlight. When grown in hanging baskets, the plant tends to trail over the edge.
String of Bananas
This is a trailing succulent plant. It is sometimes sold under the name “Tapioca Plant”. When grown on its own, it will produce long tendrils of small banana-like leaves. It certainly looks great when planted on its own, but it looks even better when put in a pot containing other succulent indoor plants.
It will grow well in a hanging basket. One particularly nice arrangement is built around a hanging basket containing a trailing sweet potato vine, a trailing aloe vera plant, and a host of small trailing succulent plants, all containing a small pot.
The plant grows well in partial shade, but will do best in full sun. It grows best in soil that is moist, but not wet. It is sensitive to salt in soil and needs to be watered when the top inch of soil is dry.
Burro’s Tail (Sedum morganianum)
Sedum morganianum, the name Burro’s Tail, comes from an old Mexican legend about a handsome boy who was cursed by a witch to trail a burro wherever he went. However, it is said that the beautiful boy had a burro’s tail, which grew until it reached the point where it touched the ground. By touching the ground the burro’s tail began to sprout beautiful gray-blue or gray-green leaves. The burro’s tail eventually grew to be a tree.
This interesting story has been told in books, poems, and songs. The Burro’s Tail plant is often found in nurseries as “Sedum Texas Blue”, “Sedum Mexican Blue”, or “Sedum Burro’s Tail”. The plant grows well in part sun or full sun and requires very little water. A well-established plant can handle drought conditions, but it is best to water it during the summer.
This plant does well in containers and hanging baskets, but it also grows well on a patio or deck. When grown in a hanging basket, place the plant in a sunny location away from any winds. If soil is kept moist, the plant will bloom with small white flowers that are produced in the spring.
Sedum morganianum is a native plant to Mexico, and it is found in many of Mexico’s deserts. The plant grows well in dry desert conditions, but it also does well in landscapes. It will grow well in sandy or clay soils. This plant is best grown in a dry, sunny location.
Zebra Cactus (Haworthia fasciata)
The zebra plant has been part of history since it’s discovery in 1801 in Senegal, West Africa. Many have named it as the “chameleon” plant because of the colorful leaves that change color from green to yellow to pink and even red.
The zebra plant so named because of its striped leaves has its origin in Africa, being native to the continent. The zebra plant has a height of 4 to 12 inches, with leaves normally ranging from 2 to 8 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide. The zebra plant attracts hummingbirds.
The zebra plant can be propagated from seeds that grow between March and June and in August and September. The zebra plant prefers sunlight but can tolerate some shade. The zebra plant is quite drought resistant, and needs very little maintenance. The plant is resistant to most insects, and needs very little watering.
Pencil Cactus (Euphorbia tirucalli)
Euphorbia tirucalli, sometimes called pencil cactus, is an African succulent plant. (Succulents are plants with large, fleshy leaves that store water in their leaves.) It grows naturally in arid regions and is a desert adapted plant, requiring very little water.
It’s a perennial, but it’s best not to treat it as such. Cut it back hard in spring and it’ll grow back quickly.
Pencil cactus has short, sturdy, dark green leaves, with graceful, arching, blue-green spines, which give it an unmistakable appearance. It bears tubular blooms, which are red to pink in color.
In cooler regions, it’s a relatively cold-hardy plant, surviving temperatures down to 20 °F. To grow it successfully in warm climates, it must be kept consistently warm. (In winter, it should be kept above 60 °F.)
Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera x buckleyi)
The Christmas cactus, Schlumbergera x buckleyi, is a native of Brazil, where it grows in the coastal lowlands. It is a popular houseplant in temperate regions such as the United States and Canada, where it is known as Christmas cactus, Thanksgiving cactus, or simply cactus.
The name Christmas cactus comes from the plant’s habit of blooming during the holiday season (around Christmas). The plant’s natural habitat is subtropical or tropical lowland forests, but it grows well in almost any kind of soil, from rocky to loamy and heavy clay. It prefers full sun, but will tolerate some shade.
The Christmas cactus blooms in shades of pink, white, red, or purple. It produces very long chains of flowers, which grow upright.
The plant is easy to grow in ordinary household conditions, except that it must be watered frequently, especially in warm weather. It grows best in temperatures above 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius).
The Christmas cactus is not a true cactus, but a member of the Araceae family, which includes ornamental plants such as aloes, bananas, and pitchers. In 1978, the Christmas cactus was recognized as the national flower of Brazil.
Tips to Grow Succulents
Succulents grow best in partial shade. The shade will keep the leaves from becoming too hot. It will also keep them from getting sunburned.
Growing succulents indoors can be a little tricky at first. They tend to be very sensitive. If you overwater them, or don’t water them enough, the leaves will wilt, and your plant will die.
The best place to grow succulents is on a windowsill. They’ll need lots of light, and they’ll be exposed to a lot of air currents, which will help them dry out.
When you start growing succulents indoors is to buy a small plant, and keep it in a dark place. Keep it in a sealed plastic bag, or a glass terrarium. Don’t put it directly in the soil, because it will rot. Keep it in the cool, dark place until it has roots.